Robust Control for Active Debris Removal of a Large Flexible Space Structure

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Abstract

This paper examines the dynamics and control involved in the active removal of a large space debris - Envisat. In the light of European Space Agaency's e.deorbit mission, the current mission scenario consists of a chaser satellite, synchronising, capturing and detumbling the large uncooperative debris. A unique multibody approach based on floating frames is used to model the Flexible Multibody Dynamics. The controllability characteristics of a linear PD controller and an Incremental Nonlinear Dynamic Inversion controller are also studied. From previous research, it was found that in the docked configuration, the control of the system could not be achieved due to the complex elastic dynamics originating from the large solar panel of Envisat (14.2~m). This paper focuses on achieving robust control of this phase through advanced design choices in both structural and control aspects. It was found that the inclusion of structural damping and reduction of control limits, lead to a major improvement in controllability of the system. A basic digital notch filter did not prove effective for more robust control. This is because only a high order filter could account for the low frequency vibrations. Further, it also required retuning of the controller within the flexible model. These two aspects proved to be beyond computational capabilities. A simple control strategy of introducing a dead-band in control loop improved the control response considerably by allowing the disturbing frequencies to dampen out.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
Subtitle of host publication6-10 January 2020, Orlando, FL
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Pages1-19
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-595-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum - Orlando, United States
Duration: 6 Jan 202010 Jan 2020

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
Volume1 PartF

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period6/01/2010/01/20

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