Robust self-testing of two-qubit states

Tim Coopmans, Jȩdrzej Kaniewski, Christian Schaffner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)


It is well known that observing nonlocal correlations allows us to draw conclusions about the quantum systems under consideration. In some cases this yields a characterisation which is essentially complete, a phenomenon known as self-testing. Self-testing becomes particularly interesting if we can make the statement robust, so that it can be applied to a real experimental setup. For the simplest self-testing scenarios the most robust bounds come from the method based on operator inequalities. In this work we elaborate on this idea and apply it to the family of tilted Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequalities. These inequalities are maximally violated by partially entangled two-qubit states and our goal is to estimate the quality of the state based only on the observed violation. For these inequalities we have reached a candidate bound and while we have not been able to prove it analytically, we have gathered convincing numerical evidence that it holds. Our final contribution is a proof that in the usual formulation, the CHSH inequality only becomes a self-test when the violation exceeds a certain threshold. This shows that self-testing scenarios fall into two distinct classes depending on whether they exhibit such a threshold or not.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052123
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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