Role of Grain Size and Recrystallization Texture in the Corrosion Behavior of Pure Iron in Acidic Medium

S. Kar, A. Yilmaz, K. Traka, J. Sietsma, Y. Gonzalez Garcia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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This work investigates the role of grain size and recrystallization texture in the corrosion behavior of pure iron in 0.1 M sulfuric acid solution. Annealing heat treatment was applied to obtain samples with different average grain sizes (26, 53 and 87 µm). Optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction techniques were used to characterize the microstructure. The EBSD data analysis showed ferrite phase with no inclusions and very low geometrically necessary dislocation density, indicating strain-free grains constituting all samples. The crystallographic texture analysis of the samples revealed that the 26 µm grain size sample had a high volume fraction of {111} oriented grains parallel to the sample surface, while other samples exhibited nearly random crystallographic texture. The electrochemical results from potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed a decrease in corrosion resistance from 87 µm to 53 µm grain size sample and then an increase for the 26 µm grain size sample. This increase was attributed to the dominant effect of recrystallization texture on the corrosion behavior of the sample. The cathodic hydrogen evolution reaction kinetics was found to play a decisive role in the corrosion behavior of iron.
Original languageEnglish
Article number388
Number of pages12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • grain size
  • crystallographic texture
  • iron
  • corrosion
  • hydrogen evolution reaction
  • EIS
  • EBSD


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