Role of sp2 carbon in non-enzymatic electrochemical sensing of glucose using boron-doped diamond electrodes

Zhichao Liu, André F. Sartori, Josephus G. Buijnsters*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Boron-doped diamond (BDD) is of increasing interest for applications in electrochemical sensing. It is well known that the sp2 carbon content in BDD influences its electrochemical properties as electrode material. In this work, evidence is provided that the surface sp2 carbon content plays a crucial role in the electrochemical sensitivity of BDD towards glucose. Single-crystal BDD, freestanding polycrystalline BDD and glassy carbon (sp2 carbon reference material) were examined by voltammetry. Neither single-crystal BDD, which is free of sp2 carbon, nor pure sp2 glassy carbon could detect glucose in the range of 0.2–1.0 V. On the other hand, glucose oxidation was observed on polycrystalline BDD, and with increasing intensity with increase of sp2 carbon content. Thus, an optimum amount of (B-doped) sp2 carbon in the BDD electrode is needed for best sensing performance. Understanding this, and being able to control the composition of BDD, are not only important to glucose detection but to any electrochemical sensing application involving BDD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107096
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Boron-doped diamond (BDD)
  • Glucose detection
  • Non-enzymatic
  • Single-crystal BDD
  • Sp carbon

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