Rotational dynamics of linkers in metal–organic frameworks

Adrian Gonzalez-Nelson, François Xavier Coudert, Monique A. van der Veen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)
102 Downloads (Pure)


Among the numerous fascinating properties of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), their rotational dynamics is perhaps one of the most intriguing, with clear consequences for adsorption and separation of molecules, as well as for optical and mechanical properties. A closer look at the rotational mobility in MOF linkers reveals that it is not only a considerably widespread phenomenon, but also a fairly diverse one. Still, the impact of these dynamics is often understated. In this review, we address the various mechanisms of linker rotation reported in the growing collection of literature, followed by a highlight of the methods currently used in their study, and we conclude with the impacts that such dynamics have on existing and future applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number330
Number of pages36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • H NMR
  • Computational chemistry
  • Gate-opening effect
  • Linker dynamics
  • Metal
  • Organic frameworks
  • Rotation


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