The aim of this paper is to assess the accuracy, capabilities and computational performances of the Lattice-Boltzmann/Very Large Eddy Simulation Method to predict the unsteady aerodynamic loads, the rotor wake development and the noise radiation of helicopter rotors in strong Blade-Vortex Interaction conditions. The numerical flow solution is obtained by solving the explicit, transient and compressible Lattice-Boltzmann equation implemented in the high-fidelity CFD/CAA solver Simulia PowerFLOW ® . The acoustic far-field is computed by using the Ffwocs-Williams & Hawkings integral solution applied to a permeable surface encompassing the whole helicopter geometry. The employed benchmark configuration is the 40% geometrically and aeroelastically scaled model of a BO-105 4-bladed main rotor tested in the open-jet anechoic test section of the German-Dutch wind tunnel in the framework of the HART-II project. In the present study, only the baseline operating condition of the experimental campaign, without Higher-Harmonic Control enabled, is considered. All simulations are performed by assuming a rigid blade motion, but a computational strategy based on a combination of a rigid blade pitching motion and a transpiration velocity boundary condition applied on the blade surface is employed to take into account the blade elastic deformation motion measured during the experiments. As expected, modeling the blade elastic deformation leads to more accurate predictions of control settings, unsteady air-loads and noise footprint. The effects of the computational grid on the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic prediction is documented as well.
- Blade-vortex interaction
- Lattice-Boltzmann method