Rotorcraft Safety: A Simulator-based Training Perspective

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Training has the potential to inject a “safety vaccination” into the rotorcraft community by reducing the number of accidents. The term training should not be intended only in a strict sense, i.e., as pilot technical skills training, but more broadly as risk avoidance and safety culture training. As in the case of vaccination, where immunity is created only when applied on a large scale, helicopter accidents will not be eradicated until every player in the rotorcraft community is involved in the safety enhancement process. In particular, as outlined by accident and safety reports, a reduction in the helicopter accident rate cannot be accomplished disregarding pilots’ training and the contribution that _ight simulators can provide to both training and certi_cation. This paper provides an overview of the research into simulator training for helicopter pilots conducted as part of the European Joint Doctorate NITROS (Network for Innovative Training on Rotorcraft Safety). An approach that requires an in-depth analysis of the actual training task is adopted for two different maneuvers, namely hover and autorotation. This approach enables the training developer to understand what are the aspects of the actual training situation that should be reproduced in the simulated training situation to avoid ineffective training and negative transfer of skills. Moreover, such an approach allows to identify differences in terms of requirements between the training of basic and advanced maneuvers and between initial and recurrent training. The results of three different pilot-in-theloop experiments, performed to explicitly con_rm the effectiveness of developed training programs and to understand whether certain elements of the simulation can foster the development of superior _ying skills, are summarized in this paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication47th European Rotorcraft Forum
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event47th European Rotorcraft Forum - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 7 Sep 20219 Sep 2021
Conference number: 47


Conference47th European Rotorcraft Forum
Abbreviated titleERF 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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