Rotterdam: A dynamic polder city in the Randstad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific

19 Downloads (Pure)


This chapter examines the case of Rotterdam as one of the most representative cities in the Randstad in dealing with water and adapting to the current challenges. The dynamics of the regional water system, which include groundwater and rainwater in combination with surface water in a lowland delta facing the North Sea, is crucial for the process of development and urbanisation of the Dutch polders. By creating the Waterstad area, Rotterdam took profit from its strategic position in the Randstad Delta. Van der Ham described eighth century period of time until the year 1000 as distinguished by ‘natural water management’, as nature ruled over culture. At the end of the nineteenth century, explosive urbanisation and technological prosperity put pressure on the polder cities. The manipulative era is marked by the introduction of the engine and electricity, which had an immense influence on the city and the water system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Randstad
Subtitle of host publicationA polycentric metropolis
EditorsWil Zonneveld, Vincent Nadin
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge - Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780203383346
ISBN (Print)9780415826099
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameSeries 'Regions and Cities'

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


Dive into the research topics of 'Rotterdam: A dynamic polder city in the Randstad'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this