Routes to Make Natural Rubber Heal: A Review

Marianella Hernández Santana*, Michael den Brabander, Santiago García, Sybrand van der Zwaag

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
227 Downloads (Pure)


This review outlines latest developments in the field of self-healing rubbers and elastomers, analyzing their potential application to natural rubber (NR). Different validated healing concepts are presented and the possibilities of applying them to NR are discussed. Research in this field should aim at modifying the chemical structure of NR as to enhance physical or chemical reversible interactions either intermolecular or intramolecular. The realization of better mechanical properties at relevant working conditions and with milder healing conditions remains a challenge for all self-healing rubbers. This overview should be seen as setting the conceptual framework for new developments with a more clearly defined industrial focus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-609
Number of pages25
JournalPolymer Reviews
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • composites
  • elastomers
  • Intrinsic healing
  • multi-functionalities
  • natural rubber
  • structural integrity


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