Ryser's Conjecture for t-intersecting hypergraphs

Anurag Bishnoi, Shagnik Das, Patrick Morris, Tibor Szabó

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Abstract

A well-known conjecture, often attributed to Ryser, states that the cover number of an r-partite r-uniform hypergraph is at most r−1 times larger than its matching number. Despite considerable effort, particularly in the intersecting case, this conjecture remains wide open, motivating the pursuit of variants of the original conjecture. Recently, Bustamante and Stein and, independently, Király and Tóthmérész considered the problem under the assumption that the hypergraph is t-intersecting, conjecturing that the cover number τ(H) of such a hypergraph H is at most r−t. In these papers, it was proven that the conjecture is true for r≤4t−1, but also that it need not be sharp; when r=5 and t=2, one has τ(H)≤2. We extend these results in two directions. First, for all t≥2 and r≤3t−1, we prove a tight upper bound on the cover number of these hypergraphs, showing that they in fact satisfy τ(H)≤⌊(r−t)/2⌋+1. Second, we extend the range of t for which the conjecture is known to be true, showing that it holds for all [Formula presented]. We also introduce several related variations on this theme. As a consequence of our tight bounds, we resolve the problem for k-wise t-intersecting hypergraphs, for all k≥3 and t≥1. We further give bounds on the cover numbers of strictly t-intersecting hypergraphs and the s-cover numbers of t-intersecting hypergraphs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105366
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Intersecting hypergraphs
  • Ryser's conjecture
  • Vertex cover

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