Selection of biomass thermochemical conversion technology in the Netherlands: A best worst method approach

Geerten van de Kaa*, Linda Kamp, Jafar Rezaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)
281 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies the technology battle for biomass conversion in the Netherlands. Three types of technologies are currently fighting the battle for standard dominance: combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification. Twelve relevant factors for standard dominance were found: ‘financial strength’, ‘operational supremacy’, ‘learning orientation’, ‘technological superiority’, ‘compatibility’, ‘flexibility’, ‘pricing strategy’, ‘distribution strategy’, ‘previous installed base’, ‘regulator’, ‘effectiveness of the format development process’, and ‘network of stakeholders’. Applying expert opinions and the Best-Worst Method (BWM), the relative importance (weights) of these factors were calculated. The weights were then used to evaluate and rank the technologies. The results show that biomass gasification has the highest chance of achieving standard dominance and that technological superiority is the most important factor affecting standard success. The weights per factor were explained and theoretical contributions and areas for future research were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Best-worst method
  • Biomass conversion
  • Biomass gasification
  • BWM
  • Standards
  • Standards battles


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