Selective removal of sodium ions from greenhouse drainage water – A combined experimental and theoretical approach

Zexin Qian*, Henk Miedema, Diego Pintossi, Marvin Ouma, Ernst J.R. Sudhölter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
91 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

High Na+ levels are detrimental for most crops. Selective membranes provide the possibility for the selective removal of Na+ while preserving beneficial ion species. The challenge is to separate two ion species of the same charge. This study evaluates the implementation of an electrodialysis (ED) system equipped with a supported liquid membrane (SLM) and a commercially available monovalent cation-selective membrane (CIMS) in the treatment of greenhouse drainage water. The SLM shows a (minimum) K+ over Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ permselectivity of 9, 15 and 30, respectively. Whereas the CIMS holds a high K+ over Ca2+ and Mg2+ permselectivity of 10 and 16, respectively, the K+ over Na+ permselectivity is just 1.3. With the experimentally obtained membrane characteristics at hand, the treatment of drainage water was simulated by a two-steps process with the two membrane types operating in series. Using real-life operational parameters, analysis revealed the optimal configuration and the ability to recover 96% of the K+ and approximately 80% of the water, Ca2+ and Mg2+. Summarized, this study not only shows the efficient separation of two ion species of the same valance but also the implementation of this technology in a real-life application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115844
Number of pages10
JournalDesalination
Volume536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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