Self-compacting high-performance fiber concrete for foundations: Part 2—Fiber orientation and distribution

Steffen Grünewald, Bogdan Cotovanu, John Rovers, Joost Walraven*, Luc Taerwe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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An investigation was executed into the applicability of self-compacting high performance fiber concrete in foundations. The applied concrete has a concrete cube strength of about 110 MPa and contains 60 kg/m3 hooked-end steel fibers (LF = 30 mm, DF = 0.38 mm). This publication consists of two parts: (1) Experimental assessment and verification of design rules and (2) assessment of fiber orientation and distribution. In the first part, experiments are described which were carried out to determine the pre- and post-cracking strength properties, the shear resistance of short beams, the anchorage length of rebars, and the shear capacity of foundation slabs supported on piles. The test results were used for a verification and extension of design rules for fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) found in the fib Model Code 2010. The application of the FRC developed can lead to substantial savings in concrete and reinforcing steel. In the present second part, cross-sections of two slabs and a beam of this testing series have been analyzed with regard to fiber orientation and distribution. An image analysis, executed on 111 concrete areas, indicates that a preferred fiber orientation could not be identified throughout the assessed elements. The data supports the conclusion of a good fiber distribution as well; a strong correlation was obtained for the data set of full images between measured and theoretical relation of fiber orientation and fiber density.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1035
Number of pages18
JournalStructural Concrete
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • design recommendation
  • experiments
  • foundations
  • high performance fiber concrete
  • sustainable and durable


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