Self-organization implies that order and regularity can come into being (emerge) spontaneously as a purely bottom-up process. Design implies the exact opposite: that order and organization come into being by virtue of a designer in a top-down manner. In this paper we treat these apparent contraries as a complementary pair, and use the notion of SIRN to show how they may coexist.
|Title of host publication||Complexity, Cognition, Urban Planning and Design|
|Subtitle of host publication||Post-Proceedings of the 2nd Delft International Conference|
|Editors||Y. Portugali, E.H. Stolk|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Name||Springer Proceedings in Complexity|
- Regional/Spatial Science
- Urban Geography/Urbanism