Self-organization and Design as a Complementary Pair

J.A.S. Kelso, Egbert Stolk, Yuval Portugali

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Self-organization implies that order and regularity can come into being (emerge) spontaneously as a purely bottom-up process. Design implies the exact opposite: that order and organization come into being by virtue of a designer in a top-down manner. In this paper we treat these apparent contraries as a complementary pair, and use the notion of SIRN to show how they may coexist.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComplexity, Cognition, Urban Planning and Design
Subtitle of host publicationPost-Proceedings of the 2nd Delft International Conference
EditorsY. Portugali, E.H. Stolk
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-32653-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-32651-1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
ISSN (Electronic)2213-8684


  • Regional/Spatial Science
  • Urban Geography/Urbanism
  • Complexity
  • Urbanism


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-organization and Design as a Complementary Pair'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this