Semi-analytical calculations of intrinsic field magnetic field inhomogeneities for a Neutron Spin Echo spectrometer at the ESS

A. Kusmin, Catherine Pappas

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Abstract

Neutron Spin Echo methods (NSE) use Larmor labelling to measure the precession phase of the neutron beam polarization around well-defined magnetic fields. Scattering by a sample can affect the resulting precession phase providing information on the sample's structure and dynamics with high accuracy and resolution. A major limitation for the performance of Neutron Spin Echo instruments is the homogeneity of the precession magnetic fields. Here we investigate the influence of the new 'pancake' moderator, which is being built at the European Spallation Source, on the design of a Neutron Spin Echo spectrometer. The calculations show clear gains when the height to width ratios of the rectangular beam cross-sections mimic those of the ESS 'pancake' moderator beams. In such a case the homogeneity of the magnetic field integrals could improve by at least 30%. However, the calculations show that will not be possible to preserve a high resolution and at the same time reduce the length of the instrument. Consequently, NSE spectrometers will perform better at the ESS but they will not be substantially compacter than at other neutron sources e.g. ILL or FRM2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-180
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neutron Research
Volume21
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy
  • magnetic field calculations

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