Monitoring cell conditions and microenvironment in real time is crucial for Organ-on-Chip (OoC) functionality. In particular, biological cues such as ions, including metals and metabolites, play a critical role in physiology and homeostasis in the human body. • Real-time monitoring of ions without optical systems is an unmet need for OOCs . • Electrochemical sensors, such as organic electrochemical  and thin-film transistors , may address this need. Most of these sensors however rely on reference electrodes.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Dec 2019|
|Event||International MicroNanoConference 2019 - Jaarbeurs Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands|
Duration: 10 Dec 2019 → 11 Dec 2019
|Conference||International MicroNanoConference 2019|
|Abbreviated title||IMNC 2019|
|Period||10/12/19 → 11/12/19|