Severe plastically deformed commercially pure aluminum: Substructure, micro-texture and associated mechanical response during uniaxial tension

Harishchandra Lanjewar, Soroosh Naghdy, Florian Vercruysse, Leo A.I. Kestens, Patricia Verleysen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Severe plastic deformation (SPD) of metals to obtain ultra-fine or even nano-sized grains has proven to be an interesting concept explored over the last few decades. However, the mechanical behavior of SPD metals and the underlying microstructural phenomena are not fully understood yet. In present work, commercially pure aluminum was subjected to high pressure torsion (HPT) deformation with strains ranging from very low levels to values well in the steady-state microstructure regime. The mechanical properties of the HPT processed samples were determined using tensile tests on miniature samples using full-field strain mapping. Orientation imaging microscopy (OIM) was utilized to follow the progression of grain refinement and texture as a function of imposed SPD. Local orientation based misorientation gradients helped to perform statistical boundary analysis and determine the fractions of incidental and geometrically necessary dislocation (GND) boundaries and local GND densities. From probability density distributions of the misorientation gradients two different stages of microstructural evolution, namely, fragmentation and saturation, could be discerned. The strength increased monotonously and the uniform elongation, though lower than the value of the annealed material, enhanced with the imposed strain in HPT. The post-necking response was observed to be highly microstructure dependent, where a lower grain size augmented the resistance for micro-crack propagation and enhanced the elongation-to-failure. In addition, the work hardening response corresponding to the yield point displayed maxima coinciding with the onset of the saturation stage. Anisotropy in fracture strain, observed between the axial and radial directions in a disk-like HPT sample, reduced with the randomization of shear texture, while higher intensities of the C {100}<110> orientation was considered responsible for the lower elongation-to-failure along the radial direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138195
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Commercial purity aluminum
  • High pressure torsion
  • Micro-texture
  • Statistical boundary analysis
  • Tensile properties
  • Work hardening


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