Shift and Blend: Understanding the hybrid character of computing artefacts on a tool-agent spectrum

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Abstract

In the context of human-agent interaction, we see the emergence of computational artefacts that display hybridity because they can be experienced as tools and agents. In this paper we propose a tool-agent spectrum as an analytical lens that uses ‘intention’ as a central concept. This spectrum aims to clarify how a computational object can change from being conducive to the intentions of others (‘tool’) to appearing to have intentions of its own (‘agent’), or vice versa. We have applied this analytical lens to unravel people’s experiences in two hybrid cases; guide dogs as a living mobility aid for the visually impaired and an experimental wearable object named “BagSight” as a rudimentary artificial
counterpart. We compared both cases through the lens of a toolagent spectrum and elaborate on these results by discussing some of the principles by which computational artefacts can shift across the spectrum. We conclude by discussing the limitations of this study and provide suggestions for future work.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHAI 2020 - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages171-178
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380546
ISBN (Print) 978-1-4503-8054-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventInternational Conference on Human-Agent Interaction (Virtual Event) - New York, NY, United States
Duration: 10 Nov 202013 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameHAI 2020 -Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Human-Agent Interaction (Virtual Event)
CountryUnited States
CityNew York, NY
Period10/11/2013/11/20

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Hybridity
  • interaction design
  • computational artefacts
  • tool-agent spectrum
  • intention

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