Short-period internal multiple removal for a horizontally layered overburden using augmented Marchenko focusing

P. Elison*, M. Dukalski, C. Mildner, K. De Vos, C. Reinicke, D. Van Manen, J. O.A. Robertsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Current seismic imaging methods require data that is free of multiple reflections, which is why a range of multiple-removal algorithms have been developed. However, state-of-the-art algorithms for internal multiple removal are based on single event identification. They fail in the presence of finely layered (sub-wavelength) media which cause short-period internal multiple reflections, since these cannot be resolved individually. We present a method for seismic short-period internal multiple removal for 2D and 3D media as an extension of recent 1D work, based on the Marchenko theory. If we can separate the medium into a horizontally layered overburden and an arbitrary complex underburden we are able to remove the overburden-related effects of short-period (and long-period) internal multiples. We do not require an impedance model but achieve this with a smooth background velocity model, similar to what is used in other multiple removal algorithms. We give a 2D numerical example with a finely layered horizontal overburden and a laterally inhomogeneous underburden. Comparison of the image derived with our augmented Marchenko scheme with a conventional Marchenko image results in a considerable uplift. This is the first time that short-period internal multiples are removed correctly from 2D seismic data in a purely data-driven way.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication81st EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2019
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9789462822894
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event81st EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2019 - ExCeL Centre, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Jun 20196 Jun 2019


Conference81st EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


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