Short-Wavelength Infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy of low-grade metamorphic volcanic rocks of the Pilbara Craton

Mohammad S. Abweny, Frank J A van Ruitenbeek, Boudewijn de Smeth, Tsehaie Woldai, Freek D. van der Meer, Thomas Cudahy, Tanja Zegers, Jan Kees Blom, Barbara Thuss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper shows the results of Short-Wavelength Infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy investigations of volcanic rocks sampled from low-grade metamorphic greenstone belts of the Archean Pilbara Craton in Western Australia. From the reflectance spectra a range of spectrally active minerals were identified, including chlorites, hornblende, actinolite, epidote and white micas. The rock samples were grouped into mineral assemblages based on their spectrally identified minerals and stratigraphic positions. The metamorphic amphibolite and greenschist facies could be identified from the SWIR spectroscopic data as well as three sub zones of the greenschist facies: 1) a zone containing Fe-chlorite; 2) a zone containing intermediate chlorite and epidote; and 3) a zone containing intermediate chlorite, actinolite and hornblende. Spectral parameters were calculated from the reflectance spectra to assess the metamorphic grade and zones. Plots of the depth parameters of the Fe-OH feature near 2250 nm versus the Mg-OH feature near 2390 nm differentiate the metamorphic amphibolite and greenschist facies and a transition zone between the two. The wavelength position parameter of the Mg-OH absorption feature near 2340 nm also serves to discriminate between the various metamorphic sub zones.The identification of the metamorphic grades of the volcanic sequences in greenstone belts with SWIR spectroscopy is useful for regional geological field studies, exploration for metamorphic mineral deposits hosted in the greenstone belts and the interpretation of hyperspectral remote sensing data sets covering similar types of terranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of African Earth Sciences
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Archean
  • Infrared
  • Metamorphic
  • Mineralogy
  • Spectroscopy
  • Volcanic

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