Silicon in hot metal from a blast furnace, the role of FeO

J. L.T. Hage*, J. van der Stel, Y. Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Silicon [Si] in hot metal is an impurity acting in the steel shop as an energy source that is released by oxidation during oxygen blowing in the converter. Preferred silicon concentration in hot steel is typically 0.4 wt-% (± 0.1 wt-%), helping predictable and low-cost processing. In practice, the Si concentration is difficult to control and may occasionally reach levels higher than 1 wt-%. The authors studied data from observations, samples and autopsies of a chilled blast furnace, a core drill and a furnace in operation. In addition, production data from a melting reduction pilot plant (HIsarna) and FactSage® calculations were used. The amount of FeO in the raceway, the area in which hot gas and powdered coal (PCI) are introduced in the blast furnace, in relation to [Si] in hot metal, is observed. The goal of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding about the mechanism of the dissolution of silicon in hot metal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-587
JournalIronmaking and Steelmaking
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

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  • Blast furnace
  • FeO
  • Hot metal quality
  • Process control
  • Raceway
  • Si-control
  • Silicon
  • SiO


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