Simulating for sustainability: Alternative operating strategies for energy efficiency

Gerben de Boer, J.P. van Halem, M. van Koningsveld, F. Baart, Arie de Niet, Luke Moth, Frank Klein Schaarsberg, A. Sepehri

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In the 2015 Paris agreement, countries committed to implementing measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming. For the maritime industry specifically, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has proposed measures for energy efficiency of vessels and candidate measures regarding fuel choice and speed optimisation. This article aims to contribute to the latter by showing how logistical simulations can be used to optimise fleet operations. We will illustrate this in the form of a conceptual case using one cutter and a range of barge fleets. Running simulations with all possible fleets, we will demonstrate the value of extra energy-based alternatives to challenge the fastest, cheapest and most flexible alternatives.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalTerra et Aqua
Issue number170
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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