Simulating interaction between level ice and conical structures with a 2D lattice model

Renate Van Vliet, Andrei V. Metrikine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Structures with a downward sloping waterline shape in Arctic or sub-Arctic regions experience reduced loading from ice on the structure and its foundation compared to vertical structures as the slope causes the ice to fail in bending. For the design of these structures, a numerical model is desired that can predict the loading from the ice on the structure by simulating the physical processes that occur when the ice fails. A numerical 2D lattice model has been developed to simulate level ice behavior. The model is composed of masses and interconnecting springs, taking into account deformation in tension, compression, bending, shear and torsion in the ice sheet. Deformation and failure criteria in the model are based on first principles, enabling a physically sound simulation of breaking processes. In addition, the discrete lattice model avoids stress singularities in fracture modeling since the model only describes displacements and forces in the connections and no stresses are present. In this paper interaction between ice and a downward sloping conical structure is simulated with the lattice model and compared with data from scale model tests. From the model test results it was observed that level ice and larger ice floes fail in sequential bending during interaction with a structure, giving a repetitive load pattern. Smaller ice floes split and break in bending into smaller parts and a sequential breaking pattern does not develop. The lattice model is capable of simulating failure in bending, splitting and combinations of these. In contrast, predictions of the model presented herein suffer from limitations of the contact model between the ice and the structure, the lack of a clearing mechanism and the use of a regular lattice mesh.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions
Subtitle of host publicationJune 11-16, 2017, Busan, Korea
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions - Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 11 Jun 201716 Jun 2017
Conference number: 24
http://poac17.kmou.ac.kr/

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC
ISSN (Print)0376-6756

Conference

Conference24th International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions
Abbreviated titlePOAC '17
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityBusan
Period11/06/1716/06/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • Failure
  • Ice
  • Lattice model

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