Simultaneous improvements of the strength and ductility of fine-grained AA6063 alloy with increasing number of ECAP passes

M. Samaee, S. Najafi, A. R. Eivani, H. R. Jafarian, J. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)
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In this research, grain refinement through severe plastic deformation (SPD) in combination with a thermal treatment to create a fine initial grain structure with a high degree of supersaturation was taken as a viable approach to achieving simultaneous increases in the hardness, strength and ductility of the aluminum alloy AA6063 during further SPD. A recrystallized structure with grain sizes around 20 µm was obtained after two passes of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP), followed by a thermal treatment at 500 °C for 10 s and water quenching. The alloy with the supersaturated α-Al matrix was subjected to further ECAP processing up to six passes to create a cellular structure on a nano scale. Hardness and tensile tests revealed the changes of hardness, strength and ductility along with increasing number of ECAP passes. It was found that after two ECAP passes, the ductility of the alloy decreased from the value after the prior two-pass ECAP and thermal treatment. However, by further ECAP processing up to six passes, the ductility increased along with the increases in hardness and strength. The remarkable improvement in ductility was attributed to a nanosized cellular structure with a large area of high-angle grain boundaries developed from the fine initial grain structure formed during the two-pass ECAP and thermal treatment applied earlier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-357
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructures and Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Aluminum alloy
  • Ductility
  • Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP)
  • Nanocrystalline structure
  • Severe plastic deformation (SPD)
  • Strength
  • Thermal treatment

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