Single-crystelline hexagonal silicon-germanium

HIT Hauge, T Hauge, Sonia Conesa Boj, M.A. Verheijen, S. Koelling, Erik Bakkers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Group IV materials with the hexagonal diamond crystal structure have been predicted to exhibit promising optical and electronic properties. In particular, hexagonal silicon–germanium (Si1–xGex) should be characterized by a tunable direct band gap with implications ranging from Si-based light-emitting diodes to lasers and quantum dots for single photon emitters. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of high-quality defect-free and wafer-scale hexagonal Si1–xGex growth with precise control of the alloy composition and layer thickness. This is achieved by transferring the hexagonal phase from a GaP/Si core/shell nanowire template, the same method successfully employed by us to realize hexagonal Si. We determine the optimal growth conditions in order to achieve single-crystalline layer-by-layer Si1–xGex growth in the preferred stoichiometry region. Our results pave the way for exploiting the novel properties of hexagonal Si1–xGex alloys in technological applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters: a journal dedicated to nanoscience and nanotechnology
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • core/shell nanowire
  • growth rate
  • hexagonal crystral structure
  • kinetics
  • silicon-germanium
  • single-crystalline

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