Socioeconomic segregation in European capital cities: Increasing separation between poor and rich

Sako Musterd, Szymon Marcińczak, Maarten van Ham, Tiit Tammaru

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    101 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Socioeconomic inequality is on the rise in major European cities, as are concerns over it, since it is seen as a threat to social cohesion and stability. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the spatial dimensions of rising socioeconomic inequality. This paper builds on a study of socioeconomic segregation in 12 European cities: Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Madrid, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna, and Vilnius. Data used derive from national censuses and registers for 2001 and 2011. The main conclusion is that socioeconomic segregation has increased. This paper develops a rigorous multifactor approach to understand segregation and links it to four underlying, partially overlapping, structural factors: social inequalities, globalization and economic restructuring, welfare regimes, and housing systems. Taking into account contextual factors resulted in a better understanding of actual segregation levels, while introducing time lags between structural factors and segregation outcomes will likely further improve the theoretical model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1062-1083
    JournalUrban Geography
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Sep 2016

    Keywords

    • capital cities
    • census data
    • comparative research
    • Europe
    • inequality
    • Socioeconomic segregation

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