Stability Analysis of High-Frequency Interactions Between a Converter and HVDC Grid Resonances

Thomas Roose, A. Lekic, Mohammad Meraj Alam, Jef Beerten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


This paper analyzes high-frequency interactions between a Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) and High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) grid resonances by studying their effect on the system stability. The recent appearance of converter-related instabilities due to high-frequency oscillations at the converter's ac side raises concerns about whether similar interactions can also take place at its dc side. To determine the risks imposed by such interactions within an HVDC grid, this paper assesses the impact of the MMC internal dynamics and dc system resonances on the stability using an analytical impedance-based method. The effect of fault current-limiting inductors, grid topology changes and transmission line length is investigated, indicating that these parameters considerably influence the electromagnetic characteristics of the HVDC grid and consequently the system stability. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis of the MMC internal controller dynamics on the converter's non-passivity, causing the instability, is performed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3414-3425
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Volume36 (2021)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2020


  • DC resonances
  • HVDC grid
  • HVDC transmission
  • Impedance-based
  • Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC)
  • Power conversion
  • Power system dynamics
  • Power system stability
  • Resonant frequency
  • Stability analysis
  • Stability criteria
  • Topology


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