Statistical Investigation of Android GNSS Data: Case Study Using Xiaomi Mi 8 Dual-Frequency Raw Measurements

Lotfi Massarweh, Francesco Darugna, Dimitrios Psychas, Jon Bruno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Officially released on August 2016, the Android 7.0 has been a breakthrough for the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) community. Starting with the introduction of its Application Programming Interface 24 (API 24), Android users have been able to directly access raw GNSS measurements within their smartphone, independently on the specific phone design or manufacturer. In this research we consider as a case-study device the Xiaomi Mi 8, equipped with the BCM47755 location hub (first dual-frequency GNSS chipset), after being upgrade to Android 9.0 in order to access new functionalities implemented in the API 28. The analysis of raw measurements and their quality is fundamental in smartphone-based positioning, since biased or extremely noisy estimates of the pseudorange measurements will hamper the precise positioning performances. Here, we report on several tests performed in static mode over a geodetic pillar, under similar conditions and covering time-spans up to several hours. Main quantities retrieved from the API were first described and then characterized based on the statistics retrieved from all these long dataset. After some considerations, a dependency w.r.t. the carrier-to-noise density ratio (C/N0) has been investigated for some of these variables, as well as for the impact of the API multipath indicator on the available observations. Finally, a preliminary C/N0-based trade-off between data ‘quantity’ and ‘quality’ is here proposed in order to support smartphone-based precise positioning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 32nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation
PublisherION - Inst. of Navigation
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)0936406232, 9780936406237
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventION GNSS+ 2019 - Hyatt Regency Miami, Miami, United States
Duration: 16 Sep 201920 Sep 2019


ConferenceION GNSS+ 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'Statistical Investigation of Android GNSS Data: Case Study Using Xiaomi Mi 8 Dual-Frequency Raw Measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this