Stoichiometry and kinetics of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate metabolism in aerobic, slow growing, activated sludge cultures

J. J. Beun, F Paletta, M. C.M. Van Loosdrecht, J. J. Heijnen

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191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses the poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) metabolism in aerobic, slow growing, activated sludge cultures, based on experimental data and on a metabolic model. The dynamic conditions which occur in activated sludge processes were simulated in a 2-L sequencing batch reactor (SBR) by subjecting a mixed microbial population to successive periods of external substrate availability (feast period) and no external substrate availability (famine period). Under these conditions intracellular storage and consumption of PHB was observed. It appeared that in the feast period, 66% to almost 100% of the substrate consumed is used for storage of PHB, the remainder is used for growth and maintenance processes. Furthermore, it appeared that at high sludge retention time (SRT) the growth rate in the feast and famine periods was the same. With decreasing SRT the growth rate in the feast period increased relative to the growth rate in the famine period. Acetate consumption and PHB production in the feast period both proceeded with a zero-order rate in acetate and PHB concentration respectively. PHB consumption in the famine period could best be described kinetically with a nth-order degradation equation in PHB concentration. The obtained results are discussed in the context of the general activated sludge models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-389
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume67
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2000

Keywords

  • Aerobic activated sludge
  • Dynamic conditions
  • PHB metabolism

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