In the nineteenth century, the demand for decorative building elements grew due to an increase of building activities caused by industrialisation and population growth. Artificial stone became an alternative for costly natural stone, using the possibilities offered by new binders and industrialisation. Initially it still mimicked the appearance of natural stone, both in texture and colour. Yet with the progress of concrete technology and increasing acceptance of concrete as an architectural material, an own material category emerged: precast concrete. In the 1930s, companies focused more on architectural precast elements, as pre casting allowed a better quality control than in-situ concrete, both in terms of concrete properties and surface finish, latter still influenced by techniques known from natural stone. During the post-war reconstruction period, the precast concrete industry had become mature, offering entire building systems and freely quoting textures and colours. In this paper, this evolution will be commented from a Dutch perspective.
|Title of host publication||Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories|
|Subtitle of host publication||Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Construction History (6ICCH 2018)|
|Editors||Ine Wouters, Stephanie Van de Voorde, Inge Bertels, Bernard Espion, Krista De Jonge, Denis Zastavni|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publisher||CRC Press / Balkema|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||6ICCH 2018: 6th International Congress on Construction History - Brussels, Belgium|
Duration: 9 Jul 2018 → 13 Jul 2018
|Conference||6ICCH 2018: 6th International Congress on Construction History|
|Period||9/07/18 → 13/07/18|
Heinemann, H., & Quist, W. (2018). Stone and concrete: a review of the coevolution of the surface finishes of two building materials. In I. Wouters, S. Van de Voorde, I. Bertels, B. Espion, K. De Jonge, & D. Zastavni (Eds.), Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories: Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Construction History (6ICCH 2018) (Vol. 1, pp. 141-148). CRC Press / Balkema.