Stone and concrete: A review of the coevolution of the surface finishes of two buildings materials

Herdis A. Heinemann, Wido J. Quist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In the nineteenth century, the demand for decorative building elements grew due to an increase of building activities caused by industrialisation and population growth. Artificial stone became an alternative for costly natural stone, using the possibilities offered by new binders and industrialisation. Initially it still mimicked the appearance of natural stone, both in texture and colour. Yet with the progress of concrete technology and increasing acceptance of concrete as an architectural material, an own material category emerged: precast concrete. In the 1930s, companies focused more on architectural precast elements, as pre casting allowed a better quality control than in-situ concrete, both in terms of concrete properties and surface finish, latter still influenced by techniques known from natural stone. During the post-war reconstruction period, the precast concrete industry had become mature, offering entire building systems and freely quoting textures and colours. In this paper, this evolution will be commented from a Dutch perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Knowledge, Constructing Histories
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Congress on Construction History (6ICCH 2018), July 9-13, 2018, Brussels, Belgium
EditorsIne Wouters, Stephanie Van de Voorde, Inge Bertels, Bernard Espion, Krista De Jonge, Denis Zastavni
PublisherCRC Press / Balkema - Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781138584143
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6ICCH 2018: 6th International Congress on Construction History - Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 9 Jul 201813 Jul 2018


Conference6ICCH 2018: 6th International Congress on Construction History


  • 19th
  • 20th century
  • Decorative Treatment
  • Natural Stone
  • Precast Concrete
  • The Netherlands


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