Strain Monitoring using a Rayleigh Backscattering System for a Composite UAV Wing Instrumented with an Embedded Optical Fiber

Patricia Martinez Bueno, Marcias Martinez, Calvin Rans, Rinze Benedictus

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Abstract

The primary objective of this research study was to evaluate the capabilities for measuring strain of a composite UAV wing with an embedded optical fiber connected to a Rayleigh backscattering distributed sensing system. This research paper summarizes the manufacturing procedure used during the instrumentation of the composite UAV wing. In addition, a Finite Element Model was developed in order to verify the strain distribution of this complex structure under static and dynamic loading conditions. The use of strain gauge data as a means for verification is presented as part of this research. Finally, fatigue tests were carried out to determine the longevity of the embedded fiber during the design life of the structure. The results demonstrate the ability of a distributed sensing system to obtain complex and accurate strain distributions on a single non-grated fiber. In addition, the findings demonstrate current limitations of the system for capturing accurate strain profiles in dynamic loading test cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
JournalAdvanced Materials Research
Volume1135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Rayleigh Backscattering
  • Embedded Optical Fiber
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Strain Monitoring
  • Composite Wing
  • Distributed Sensing System

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