Strategic rehabilitation planning of piped water networks using multi-criteria decision analysis

Lisa Scholten*, Andreas Scheidegger, Peter Reichert, Max Mauer, Judit Lienert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


To overcome the difficulties of strategic asset management of water distribution networks, a pipe failure and a rehabilitation model are combined to predict the long-term performance of rehabilitation strategies. Bayesian parameter estimation is performed to calibrate the failure and replacement model based on a prior distribution inferred from three large water utilities in Switzerland. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) and scenario planning build the framework for evaluating 18 strategic rehabilitation alternatives under future uncertainty. Outcomes for three fundamental objectives (low costs, high reliability, and high intergenerational equity) are assessed. Exploitation of stochastic dominance concepts helps to identify twelve non-dominated alternatives and local sensitivity analysis of stakeholder preferences is used to rank them under four scenarios. Strategies with annual replacement of 1.5-2% of the network perform reasonably well under all scenarios. In contrast, the commonly used reactive replacement is not recommendable unless cost is the only relevant objective. Exemplified for a small Swiss water utility, this approach can readily be adapted to support strategic asset management for any utility size and based on objectives and preferences that matter to the respective decision makers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-143
Number of pages20
JournalWater Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Decision support
  • Failure and rehabilitation modeling
  • Multi-criteria decision analysis
  • Scenario planning
  • Strategic water asset management
  • Water supply


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