Strategy-Based Driving Behaviour on Freeways: Findings of Test-Drive and On-Line Survey Study

Victor Knoop, Mehdi Keyvan-Ekbatani, Marco de Baat, Henk Taale, Serge Hoogendoorn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Freeways form an important part of the road network. Drivers’ behavior can be split in longitudinal (acceleration and deceleration) and lateral behavior (lane changing). The combination of these two behaviors on freeways play a key role in traffic operations. This paper tries to describe the driving behavior, emphasizing the relation between the lateral and longitudinal behavior. To this end, an experimental study based on a test-drive and on-line questionnaire has been carried out. For the test-drive, 34 participants drove a vehicle equipped with monitoring systems. Based on the test drives a survey was developed regarding driving behavior in specific situations. This survey was answered by 1258 drivers who were questioned using videos for specific and relevant situations. The results show that most people choose a speed first, and stick to that. Fewer people adapt a strategy of having a desired speed which might change when they are in a different lane to overtake, or a strategy to choose a desired lane, and tries to adapt speed. A small fraction of the respondents mentioned that they have neither a desired speed or a desired lane. Most people (80%) use the right lane if possible, and 80% will not overtake at the right. 70% may have a courtesy behavior when needed. The outcome of this study has shed some light on the naturalistic driving behavior on freeways under different situations. The findings of this work can be implemented in traffic simulation programs, which are able to delay with this scale of traffic behavior. Repeating this survey in international context will reveal differences between drivers in various countries.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication96th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board: Transportation Innovation: Leading the Way in an Era of Rapid Change
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Event96th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board: Transportation Innovation: Leading the Way in an Era of Rapid Change - Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 201712 Jan 2017
Conference number: 96
http://www.trb.org/AnnualMeeting/AnnualMeeting.aspx

Conference

Conference96th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board
Abbreviated titleTRB 96th anual meeting
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period8/01/1712/01/17
OtherThe meeting program will cover all transportation modes, with more than 5,000 presentations in over 800 sessions and workshops, addressing topics of interest to policy makers, administrators, practitioners, researchers, and representatives of government, industry, and academic institutions
Internet address

Keywords

  • Automatic steering control
  • Driver performance
  • Driving
  • Freeways
  • Longitudinal control
  • Speed
  • Traffic lanes

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