Strength and stiffness predictions with focus on different acoustic measurement methods

A Kovryga, J. O. Chuquin Gamarra, J.W.G. van de Kuilen

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Strength grading is an important step for the production of homogenous and high-quality solid wood material. In particular, for hardwoods, the use of non-visible characteristics is indispensable. Dynamic MOE (Edyn) is an important parameter widely used for grading of softwoods and applicable to hardwoods as well. There are two common ways to measure Edyn—ultrasound (US) wave propagation and longitudinal vibration (LV) method. Both methods are used in practice, however, due to the different inherent measurement techniques, the results differ. The current paper analyses the stiffness and strength coefficients of determination for several temperate European hardwood species and emphasizes the differences between the two measurement systems. The performance was analysed with regard to grading techniques, testing modes for the mechanical properties (tension and bending) and wood qualities. For more than 2861 pieces of European ash (Fraxinus excelsior), European beech (Fagus sylvatica), European oak (Quercus spp.) and maple (Acer spp.), the Edyn was measured using both techniques, and destructive tests (tension and edgewise bending) were applied. The results show that LV has higher coefficient of determination compared to the US Edyn. The coefficient of determination for both methods and tensile application can be increased by calculating Edyn with average density. Furthermore, the results support species-independent strength grading of hardwoods. Further research on the effect of different wood qualities and sawing patterns is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-949
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Wood and Wood Products
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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