Strong reduction of quasiparticle fluctuations in a superconductor due to decoupling of the quasiparticle number and lifetime

Steven A.H. De Rooij*, Jochem J.A. Baselmans, Vignesh Murugesan, David J. Thoen, Pieter J. De Visser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

We measure temperature-dependent quasiparticle fluctuations in a small Al volume, embedded in a NbTiN superconducting microwave resonator. The resonator design allows for readout close to equilibrium. By placing the Al film on a membrane, we enhance the fluctuation level and separate quasiparticle effects from phonon effects. When lowering the temperature, the recombination time saturates and the fluctuation level reduces by a factor ∼100. From this we deduce that the number of free quasiparticles is still thermal. Therefore, the theoretical, inverse relation between the quasiparticle number and recombination time is invalid in this experiment. This is consistent with quasiparticle trapping, where on-trap recombination limits the observed quasiparticle lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL180506
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume104
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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