Surface Denoising Based on Normal Filtering in a Robust Statistics Framework

Sunil Kumar Yadav*, M. Skrodzki, Eric Zimmermann, Konrad Polthier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

During a surface acquisition process using 3D scanners, noise is inevitable and an important step in geometry processing is to remove these noise components from these surfaces (given as point set or triangulated mesh). The noise removal process (denoising) can be performed by filtering the surface normals first and by adjusting the vertex positions according to filtered normals afterward. Therefore, in many available denoising algorithms, the computation of noise-free normals is a key factor. A variety of filters have been introduced for noise removal from normals, with different focus points like robustness against outliers or large amplitude of noise. Although these filters are performing well in different aspects, a unified framework is missing to establish the relation between them and to provide a theoretical analysis beyond the performance of each method.

In this paper, we introduce such a framework to establish relations between a number of widely used nonlinear filters for face normals in mesh denoising and vertex normals in point set denoising. We cover robust statistical estimation with M-smoothers and their application to linear and nonlinear normal filtering. Although these methods originate in different mathematical theories—which include diffusion-, bilateral-, and directional curvature-based algorithms—we demonstrate that all of them can be cast into a unified framework of robust statistics using robust error norms and their corresponding influence functions. This unification contributes to a better understanding of the individual methods and their relations with each other. Furthermore, the presented framework provides a platform for new techniques to combine the advantages of known filters and to compare them with available methods.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Forum "Math-for-Industry" 2018
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer
Pages103-132
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-16-5576-0
ISBN (Print)978-981-16-5575-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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