Sustainability Aspects in Decision-Making Processes for Biofuel Production and Biobased Products

P. Silva Ortiz*, B. Van Der Bruggen, X. Yang, A. Jocher, A. Pinto Mariano, J. Posada Duque

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Integrating low-carbon technologies within biorefineries, with applications targeting energyefficient separation systems, is essential to achieving net zero emissions in the coming years. To address this target, we investigated potential biorefinery pathways featuring process intensification in the bioethanol and biodiesel industries. The role of separation technologies was determined, and a methodological tool to design biorefinery systems with improved economic and environmental performance was developed. A thermodynamic analysis, comprising an energy and exergy assessment, of all scenarios showed a 10% reduction in the irreversibility rates, and the steam consumption decreased by 20% compared to conventional bioenergy configurations when considering intensified ethanol and biodiesel processes. The renewability exergy index and the average unitary exergy cost were defined as key parameters to assess the efficiency and impact since they represent appropriate metrics to determine the environmental impact and the global performance throughout the configurations’ supply chain. Lastly, promising ethanol-derived products (e.g., 1,3-propanediol, diethyl ether, n-butanol, 1,3- butadiene, D-lactic acid, and succinic acid) were evaluated based on the biofuel conversion performance, aiming to diversify biorefinery systems through chemical production and add value to the technological pathways toward lower carbon fuels/products. Among the alternatives, 1,3- propanediol was ranked as the most promising ethanol-derived chemical based on exergy efficiency and λindex.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Subtitle of host publicationBook of Abstracts
EditorsMarko Ban, Neven Duić, Daniel Rolph Schneider, Davide Astiaso Garcia, Giovanni Barone, Stanislav Boldyryev, Annamaria Buonomano, Francesco Calise, Paolo Colbertaldo, More Editors
Place of PublicationZagreb
PublisherUniversity of Zagreb
Pages650
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event18th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Hotel Valamar Lacroma Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 24 Sept 202329 Sept 2023
https://www.dubrovnik2023.sdewes.org/

Publication series

NameDigital Proceedings
ISSN (Electronic)2706-3690

Conference

Conference18th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Abbreviated title18th SDEWES Conference Dubrovnik 2023
Country/TerritoryCroatia
CityDubrovnik
Period24/09/2329/09/23
Internet address

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