System analysis of the dynamic response of the coronary circulation to a sudden change in heart rate

J. Dankelman, H. G. Stassen, JAE Spaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this study the response of driving pressure/flow ratio on an abrupt change in heart rate was analysed. The difference between the response obtained with constant pressure and constant flow perfusion was also studied. The responses show a fast initial reversed phase followed by a slow phase caused by regulation. To test whether the initial phase could be the result of mechanical changes in the coronary circulation, a model for regulation was extended by the addition of four different mechanical models originating from the literature. These extended models were able to explain the fast initial phase. However, the mechanical model consisting of an intramyocardial compliance (C=0·08 ml mm Hg-1 100 g-1) with a variable venous resistance, and the model consisting of a waterfall and a small compliance (C=0·007 ml mm Hg-1 100 g-1) both explained these responses best. The analysis showed that there is no direct relationship between rate of change of vascular tone and rate of change of pressure/flow ratio. However, on the basis of the two extended models, it can be predicted that the half-time for the response of regulation to be complete is about 9s with constant pressure perfusion and 15 s with constant flow perfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-148
JournalMedical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1990


  • Coronary circulation
  • Dynamics of regulation
  • Heart rate
  • Mathematical model

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