Technical feasibility of a Dutch radioactive waste repository in Boom Clay: Geomechanical validation

Yajun Li, Phil Vardon, Michael Hicks, Jaap Hart, Peter A. Fokker

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

113 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

OPERA-PU-TUD321d
Radioactive substances and ionizing radiation are used in medicine, industry, agriculture, re- search, education and electricity production. This generates radioactive waste. In the Netherlands, this waste is collected, treated and stored by COVRA (Centrale Organisatie Voor Radioactief Afval). After interim storage for a period of at least 100 years radioactive waste is intended for disposal. There is a world-wide scientific and technical consensus that geological disposal represents the safest long-term option for radioactive waste. Geological disposal is emplacement of radioactive waste in deep underground formations. The goal of geological disposal is long-term isolation of radioactive waste from our living environ- ment in order to avoid exposure of future generations to ionising radiation from the waste. OPERA (OnderzoeksProgramma Eindberging Radioactief Afval) is the Dutch research programme on geological disposal of radioactive waste. Within OPERA, researchers of different organisations in different areas of expertise will cooper- ate on the initial, conditional Safety Cases for the host rocks Boom Clay and Zechstein rock salt. As the radioactive waste disposal process in the Netherlands is at an early, conceptual phase and the previous research programme has ended more than a decade ago, in OPERA a first preliminary or initial safety case will be developed to structure the research necessary for the eventual development of a repository in the Netherlands. The safety case is conditional since only the long-term safety of a generic repository will be assessed. OPERA is financed by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and the public limited liability company Electriciteits-Produktiemaatschappij Zuid-Nederland (EPZ) and coordinated by COVRA. Further details on OPERA and its outcomes can be accessed at www.covra.nl.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDelft University of Technology
Commissioning bodyMinistry of Economic Affairs, Agricultural and Innovation and ElectriciteitsProductiemaatschappij Zuid-Nederland (EPZ)
Number of pages69
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Boom Clay
  • feasibility
  • radioactive waste disposal
  • reliability
  • geomechanics
  • COx
  • Opalinus Clay

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Technical feasibility of a Dutch radioactive waste repository in Boom Clay: Geomechanical validation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this