Techno-economic assessment and operational CO2 emissions of High-Temperature Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (HT-ATES) using demand-driven and subsurface-constrained dimensioning

Alexandros Daniilidis*, Julian E. Mindel, Fleury De Oliveira Filho, Luca Guglielmetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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High-Temperature – Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (HT-ATES) can significantly increase Renewable Energy Sources (RES) capacity and storage temperature levels compared to traditional ATES, while improving efficiency. Combined assessment of subsurface performance and surface District Heating Networks (DHN) is key, but poses challenges for dimensioning, energy flow matching, and techno-economic performance of the joint system. We present a novel methodology for dimensioning and techno-economic assessment of an HT-ATES system combining subsurface, DHN, operational CO 2 emissions, and economics. Subsurface thermo-hydraulic simulations consider aquifer properties (thickness, permeability, porosity, depth, dip, artesian conditions and groundwater hydraulic gradient) and operational parameters (well pattern and cut-off temperature). Subject to subsurface constraints, aquifer permeability and thickness are major control variables. Transmissivity ≥2.5 × 10 −12 m3 is required to keep the Levelised Cost Of Heat (LCOH) below 200 CHF/MWh and capacity ≥25 MW is needed for the HT-ATES system to compete with other large-scale DHN heat sources. Addition of Heat Pumps (HP) increases the LCOH, but also the nominal capacity of the system and yields higher cumulative avoided CO 2 emissions. The methodology presented exemplifies HT-ATES dimensioning and connection to DHN for planning purposes and opens-up the possibility for their fully-coupled assessment in site-specific assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123682
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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