Temperature-activated change of permeable material properties for low-noise trailing edge applications

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Abstract

The present work analyses broadband noise scattering from permeable trailing edges with identical micro-structure but under a change of temperature. Experiments are performed in an anechoic wind tunnel using a NACA0018 airfoil at chord-based Reynolds numbers between 1.88 × 105 and 3.14 × 105 and no incidence. A microphone array is used to determine far-field sound pressure level changes upon trailing edge heating. It is found that broadband noise emission can be actively controlled by varying the temperature of the porous trailing edge inserts. Specifically, the electrically heated inserts yield a noise level variation of up to 2.5 dB with the heated one being noisier compared to a baseline, unheated material with similar micro-structure. Resistivity measurements of permeable samples with varying temperature show that flow resistivity increases with the fluid temperature which is in agreement with the reported trailing edge noise increase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3119
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Flow resistivity
  • Microphone array
  • Porous materials
  • Turbulent boundary layer trailing edge noise

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