Temperature and magnetic-field dependence of quantum creep in various high-Tc superconductors

A. F.T.H. Hoekstra, A. M. Testa, G. Doornbos, J. C. Martinez, B. Dam, R. Griessen, B. I. Ivlev, M. Brinkmann, K. Westerholt, W. K. Kwok, G. W. Crabtree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the quantum tunneling of almost macroscopic vortex segments we measured the normalized relaxation rate Q of superconducting currents for various high- Tc superconductors (HTS’s) down to 100 mK in magnetic fields up to 7 T. At fields below ?0.5 T, Q is essentially independent of T in the temperature regime between thermally activated and quantum motion as theoretically expected. However, at higher fields, we find an unexpected linear T dependence of Q persisting down to the lowest temperatures in all investigated samples. Since these compounds were chosen to represent the distinct classes of dirty and clean HTS’s, the extrapolated Q(T=0) values are used to discuss the theoretical models for quantum creep in the clean and dirty limits. Based on this discussion we propose a semiempirical interpolation formula for Q(T=0) which is also valid for compounds in between the dirty and clean limits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7222-7237
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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