The Advances in Conversion Techniques in Triboelectric Energy Harvesting: A Review

Wenyu Peng, Sijun Du*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is a new transducer utilizing contact electrification and electrostatic induction to transform mechanical energy into electric energy. Due to its high energy density and flexibility, it can be employed to make electronic devices self-powered by harvesting ambient mechanical energy in many application scenarios, such as biomedical devices, wearable electronics, and Internet-of-Things (IoT) sensors. However, due to the time-varying and low internal capacitance of a TENG, it is challenging to extract electrical energy from it. Hence, good power conversion techniques are crucial in TENG energy harvesting systems. Currently, studies on dedicated integrated power conversion techniques are very limited. Due to the exponentially increasing research interests in TENG, a comprehensive study on the TENG energy harvesting system, emphasizing integrated-circuit (IC) power conversion techniques, is urgently needed. This paper summarizes and compares the state-of-the-art triboelectric energy harvesting systems, focusing on different power conversion techniques for output power enhancement. Some techniques, which have been widely used in other relevant energy harvesting systems, are also mentioned to inspire innovative design strategies for TENG systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3049-3062
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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  • Power management
  • triboelectric
  • transducer
  • rectifier
  • switched-capacitor converter
  • synchronous switching
  • MPPT


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