The application of the spectral domain modeling to the power take-off sizing of heaving wave energy converters

Jian Tan*, Henk Polinder, Antonio Jarquin Laguna, S.A. Miedema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The power take-off (PTO) system is a main component in wave energy converters (WECs), and it accounts for a notable proportion in the total cost. Sizing the PTO capacity has been proven to be significant to the cost-effectiveness of WECs. In the numerical modeling, the PTO size is normally represented by a force constraint. Therefore, to accurately evaluate the power performance of WECs with various PTO sizes, it is necessary to take the PTO force limitation, a nonlinear effect, into consideration. In this paper, a computationally-efficient spectral domain model of the PTO force saturation is developed for a heaving point absorber, and the nonlinear term is included by statistical linearization. For comparison, a frequency domain and nonlinear time domain model are implemented, and the developed spectral model is verified with the results of the nonlinear time domain model. Compared with the frequency domain model, the spectral domain model remarkably reduces the relative errors in predicting the power performance of WECs with force constraints, while the computational demand is much lower than the nonlinear time domain model. Furthermore, a case study is conducted to size the PTO capacity for reducing the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in a chosen wave site. Three different numerical models are applied respectively. The frequency domain model could lead to a misestimate of the optimal PTO capacity, with a maximum relative error on the prediction of the annual energy production (AEP) of 24%. In contrast, the spectral domain model indicates the same optimal PTO size with the time domain modeling, and its relative errors on the prediction of the AEP are within 4.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103110
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Ocean Research
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • PTO force constraint
  • Spectral domain modeling
  • Wave energy

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