The bird strike challenge

Isabel C. Metz*, Joost Ellerbroek, Thorsten Mühlhausen, Dirk Kügler, Jacco M. Hoekstra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
77 Downloads (Pure)


Collisions between birds and aircraft pose a severe threat to aviation and avian safety. To understand and prevent these bird strikes, knowledge about the factors leading to these bird strikes is vital. However, even though it is a global issue, data availability strongly varies and is difficult to put into a global picture. This paper aims to close this gap by providing an in-depth review of studies and statistics to obtain a concise overview of the bird strike problem in commercial aviation on an international level. The paper illustrates the factors contributing to the occurrence and the potential consequences in terms of effect on flight and damage. This is followed by a presentation of the risk-reducing measures currently in place as well as their limitations. The paper closes with an insight into current research investigating novel methods to prevent bird strikes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Number of pages20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Air traffic management
  • Airport
  • Aviation
  • Bird strike
  • Operations
  • Risk
  • Safety
  • Wildlife management


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