The Circularity Calculator: A tool for circular product development with Circularity and potential value capture indicators

Ingrid de Pauw, Bram van der Grinten, Bas Flipsen, Lia Alvarez Mendez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Most products require a redesign to be viable in a circular economy. For instance, by implementing design for disassembly, remanufacturing, recyclability, and using long-lived components. Typically, different solutions can be chosen to improve a products' circularity, and different strategies can be aimed at keeping the product, its components, and materials in the loop.
When developing products for a circular economy, designers and manufacturers want to assess their solutions and choose between alternatives early in the design process. This paper describes the Circularity Calculator, a tool that has been developed to help designers assess the potential resource circularity and value capture of products in the first design stages. The tool provides quantitative indicators that help determine whether and which circular strategies are potentially viable for the company.
This paper discusses the methodology behind the Circularity Calculator, which uses four KPIs that have been developed for assessment; a Circularity indicator, Value Capture indicator, Recycled Content indicator and a Reuse Index. We will explain how the dashboard interface is used to model a linear and circular product system which can be compared on its economic potential. The tool is illustrated with an example concerning the analysis of a household blender.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th PLATE 2021 Virtual Conference
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventPLATE 2021: the 4th Conference on Product Lifetimes and the Environment - Virtual conference at Limerick, Ireland
Duration: 26 May 202128 May 2021
Conference number: 4th


ConferencePLATE 2021
CityVirtual conference at Limerick
Internet address


  • Circular Product Design
  • Assessment
  • Circular Economy
  • Circularity Indicators
  • Early Design Stage


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