The Compositional Dependence of the Microstructure and Properties of CMSX-4 Superalloys

Hao Yu, Wei Xu*, Sybrand van der Zwaag

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
253 Downloads (Pure)


The degradation of creep resistance in Ni-based single-crystal superalloys is essentially ascribed to their microstructural evolution. Yet there is a lack of work that manages to predict (even qualitatively) the effect of alloying element concentrations on the rate of microstructural degradation. In this research, a computational model is presented to connect the rafting kinetics of Ni superalloys to their chemical composition by combining thermodynamics calculation and a modified microstructural model. To simulate the evolution of key microstructural parameters during creep, the isotropic coarsening rate and γ/γ′ misfit stress are defined as composition-related parameters, and the effect of service temperature, time, and applied stress are taken into consideration. Two commercial superalloys, for which the kinetics of the rafting process are selected as the reference alloys, and the corresponding microstructural parameters are simulated and compared with experimental observations reported in the literature. The results confirm that our physical model not requiring any fitting parameters manages to predict (semiquantitatively) the microstructural parameters for different service conditions, as well as the effects of alloying element concentrations. The model can contribute to the computational design of new Ni-based superalloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2017


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