The COVID-19 pandemic: Virus transmission and risk assessment

N. Gayathri Menon, Sanjeeb Mohapatra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The coronaviruses are the largest known RNA viruses of which SASR-CoV-2 has been spreading continuously due to its repeated mutation triggered by several environmental factors. Multiple human interventions and lessons learned from the SARS 2002 outbreak helped reduce its spread considerably, and thus, the virus was contained but the emerging mutations burdened the medical facility leading to many deaths in the world. As per the world health organization (WHO) droplet mode transmission is the most common mode of SASR-CoV-2 transmission to which environmental factors including temperature and humidity play a major role. This article highlights the responsibility of environmental causes that would affect the distribution and fate of the virus. Recent development in the risk assessment models is also covered in this article.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100373
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Science & Health
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Transmission
  • Risk Assessment

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