The Development of a New Smart Evacuation Modeling Technique for Underground Mines Using Mathematical Programming

Richard Meij, Masoud Soleymani Shishvan*, Javad Sattarvand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Navigating miners during an evacuation using smart evacuation technology can significantly decrease the evacuation time of an underground mine in case of emergency hazards. This paper presents a mathematical programming model to calculate the most efficient escape path for miners as a critical component of smart evacuation technology. In this model, the total evacuation distance of the crew is minimized and scenarios with blocked pathways and stamina categories for the miners are simulated. The findings revealed that all the tested scenarios were technically feasible. Using the feature that filters out blocked pathways has no downsides as safer routes are calculated and there is no penalty in the computation time. This paper also discusses the social and technical issues that must be resolved before the algorithm can be implemented as an actual escape solution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-119
Number of pages14
JournalMining
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • smart evacuation
  • mathematical programming
  • hazards
  • underground mines

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